In simple terms, an algorithm is a set of instructions formulated to perform a specific task. The task of an algorithm can be as simple as adding two numbers or it can be something as complex as merging two software together. Undoubtedly, algorithms have the potential more than any human can ever have. Earlier, it was only humans and nature that were shaping the world, but now it’s the algorithm that has taken the lead. However, before we state any facts, let’s find out how exactly do these algorithms work and what makes them substantial enough to be able to reshape the world.